Emperor Trajan - History
Marcus Ulpius Traianus (53-117 AD) was the first Roman Emperor, who came from a province, born in the city of Italica in the province of Hispania Baetica (Spain) in a non-patrician family of Italian and probably Iberian origin. He became prominent during the reighn of the emperor Domitian, serving as legatus legionis. The next emperor, Marcus Cocceius Nerva, compelled by the pretorian guard, adopted Trajan as son and made him his successor in 98 AD.
During his reign (98-117 AD), he annexed the Nabataean Kingdom, conquested Dacia, what enriched the empire greatly because of many gold mines in the new province. But its exposed position north of the Danube made it susceptible to attack on three sides, and it was later abandoned by Emperor Aurelian. The last war of Trajan was the Parthian Empire and ended with the annexation of Armenia and Mesopotamia. His campaigns expanded the Roman Empire to its greatest territorial extent. Trajan died in 117 and was succeeded by his adopted son Hadrian.
However, between the conquest of Dacia and of Armenia, there was a period of the peace. Emperor Trajan built many new buildings, monuments and roads in Italia and Hispania. His magnificent complex in Rome raised to commemorate his victories in Dacia (and largely financed from that campaign's loot) – consisting of a Trajan's Forum (the last of four Roman Forums), Trajan's Column, and Trajan's Market. This complex still stands in Rome today, albeit not entirely intact. He built also several triumphal arches, many of which survive, and rebuilt roads (Via Traiana and Via Traiana Nova).
Also, Trajan made a Roman currency reform, decreasing the silver purity of the denarius from 93.5% to 89% – the actual silver weight dropping from 3.04 to 2.88 grams.
Another important act was his program to help orphans and poor children throughout Italy: alimenta.
Emperor Trajan is traditionally called by the historiography "the best Roman Princeps" (optimus princeps).
Statues and busts of Trajan
A typical imperial representation of Trajan in the statues and busts is with a Medusa's head on his shoulder. Medusa in Greek mythology was a monster, generally described as a winged human female with living venomous snakes in place of hair. Gazers upon her hideous face would turn to stone. Perseus decapitated Medusa and with the Medusa's head saved the Princess Andromeda from a sea monster. The Medusa's head in the Roman Imperial times was a symbol of the divine right of rule.Bust of Emperor Trajan Replica
Our bronze bust of Trajan is a replica of one of the best preserved roman busts: the ancient statue is from the 2 century. The original replica created in the bronze casting shows the Roman Emperor in arm and with a Medusa's head on his shoulder. The figure is 50 cm high with a genuine polished bronze surface and has a massive weight of almost 14 kg.Details
- Original replica
- Polished Bronze
- Solid weight of 14 kg
- Measurements (L x W x H): 50 x 20 x 20 cm